The one president in American historical past to serve greater than two four-year phrases was Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He truly served three full phrases in addition to the primary three months of a fourth time period till his loss of life on April 12, 1945.
The present limits on how lengthy an individual could be president come from the twenty second Modification, added to the U.S. Structure in 1951, which limits presidents to 2 profitable presidential elections. The modification makes one exception: If a president takes workplace in the midst of another person’s time period – if the president dies, for instance, and a vice chairman takes over and serves lower than two years, that particular person can nonetheless run twice for their very own election. But when the substitute president serves for greater than two years of their predecessor’s time period, they will solely be elected to at least one extra presidential time period of their very own.
FDR wasn’t breaking these guidelines, as a result of the principles didn’t exist for the primary 162 years of the nation’s historical past, from 1789 to 1951. Even so, in all that point, he was the one president who served greater than two phrases.
A complete of 13 presidents have served precisely two full phrases. Eight of them got here earlier than Roosevelt. George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, Andrew Jackson, Ulysses Grant and Woodrow Wilson served their phrases consecutively. Grover Cleveland served two phrases separated by the four-year time period of Benjamin Harrison.
Some thought-about third phrases: In 1880, 4 years after he completed out his second time period, Grant pressed his candidacy as soon as once more however did not safe the Republican Social gathering’s presidential nomination. And as Woodrow Wilson completed out his second time period in 1920, he additionally considered operating for a 3rd time period, however in the end withdrew from consideration.
5 extra presidents – Dwight Eisenhower, Ronald Reagan, Invoice Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama – got here after the twenty second Modification was handed, so that they needed to depart and let another person take over.
4 further presidents – Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Harry Truman and Lyndon Johnson – accomplished the remaining phrases of one other president and had been elected to their very own full time period instantly afterward. Below the principles of their occasions, every of them might have run for yet one more time period. A number of selected to not run for reelection; others ran and misplaced.
For instance, Lyndon Johnson, who took over after John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, initially tried for a second full time period in 1968. However throughout the presidential primaries, he withdrew from consideration, partly as a result of his dealing with of the warfare in Vietnam was unpopular and threatened his possibilities.
The precedent of serving simply two phrases was initially established by Washington, the nation’s first president. By all accounts, Washington would have simply been reelected had he chosen to run a 3rd time.
However he rejected public calls to run for a 3rd time period as president in 1796. Washington was involved that by staying in workplace longer, he would possibly ship a message that presidents ought to govern till loss of life or sickness drove them away, like a king. The American Revolution had simply overthrown a monarchy. Washington thus wished to steer by instance in voluntarily leaving workplace after his second time period, retiring to his Mount Vernon property in Virginia.
In any case, if two phrases is nice sufficient for George Washington, isn’t it adequate for everybody else?
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